Tropical forests can be exploited as follows to reduce deforestation: International Agreements on the Use of Tropical Hardwoods The inclusion of REDD has not been a small achievement. The Kyoto Protocol, adopted in 1997, excluded forest conservation in developing countries, where most emissions are due to deforestation, for the sake of efficiency. Although REDD was brought back to the negotiating table in 2005, the international community still needed 10 years of painstaking work to address the details that previously prevented its adoption. RedD is now permanently anchored in Article 5 of the agreement and finally provides the political signal needed to mobilize urgently needed action around forests. Until the question of how to manage the drivers of deforestation is resolved, REDD is unlikely to move quickly from paper to implementation on a larger scale. 2000 The United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) is a forum on forest policy set up within the framework of ECOSOC which, together with the Cooperation Partnership for Forests (International Forest Organizations), includes the so-called International Forest Agreement. There are also international agreements on the use of tropical hardwoods and logging. The International Tropical Woods Agreement was established in 2006 to “promote the expansion and diversification of international trade in tropical timber from sustainably managed and legally harvested forests and promote the sustainable management of tropical timber-producing forests.” 71 countries have signed the UN-sponsored agreement. More than a decade after REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) entered the UN climate negotiations, the current situation and future direction are controversial. This paper analyses 162 INCS (Intended National Determined Contributions) or climate change plans to assess whether and how countries plan to use REDD – in the implementation of the Paris Agreement. Our analysis suggests that REDD – still has a political pull. Many tropical countries are still waiting for REDD – and hope that public and private donors will support chronically underfunded national conservation programmes. However, expectations are not detailed.