Russian President Vladimir Putin has warned that members of the Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia could impose safeguards in the event of trade liberalization between Ukraine and the EU.  [j] The EU condemned Russia`s threats and called them unacceptable.  Ukrainian Prime Minister Mykola Azarov urged Russia to “accept the reality that Ukraine signs the EU agreement” and condemned all artificial barriers as unnecessary.  The full association agreement was ratified by the Ukrainian and European parliaments on 16 September. The agreement has been ratified to date by six EU member states, but the full ratification process could take another two years. That is why, and to help Ukraine during its many crises, the EU unilaterally abolished tariffs on 95% of Ukrainian products for duty-free access under the CCFTA in April. It intends to maintain this policy until 1 January 2016, when the DCFTA will come into force through a procedure called `provisional application`, regardless of the state of ratification by EU Member States. The agreement requires regular summits between the President of the European Council and the President of Ukraine. Members of the Council of the European Union and the Cabinet of Ukrainian Ministers are also scheduled to meet regularly, as well as members of the European Parliament and the Ukrainian Parliament, as well as other officials and experts from both sides. On 21 November 2013, verkhovna Rada failed on one of six requests to give medical treatment to former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko abroad, which was a request from the EU to sign the Association Agreement.   In the same week, Tymoshenko had declared that she was ready to ask the EU to abandon the demand for her freedom if it meant that President Viktor Yanukovych would sign the Association Agreement.
 On the same day, a decree of the Ukrainian government suspended preparations for the signing of the Association Agreement; Instead, it proposed the creation of a three-way trade commission between Ukraine, the European Union and Russia, which would resolve trade issues between the parties.  Prime Minister Mykola Azarov adopted the decree to “ensure Ukraine`s national security” and taking into account the potential impact of trade with Russia (and other CIS countries)  if the agreement was signed at a summit in Vilnius on 28-29 November.    According to Ukrainian Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Boyko, Ukraine will resume preparations for the agreement “if the decline in industrial production and our relations with the CIS countries are compensated by the European market, otherwise our country`s economy will suffer serious damage.”  Some EU diplomats were more sceptical about the reasons given.  Later, on 21 November 2013, Russian President Dmitry Peskov`s spokesman called the Ukrainian decree “a strictly internal and sovereign decision of the country, and we believe that we have no right to take a position” and said that Russia was ready to conduct tripartite negotiations with Ukraine and the EU on trade and economic issues.  The European Parliament`s monitoring mission in Ukraine stated (also on 21 November 2013) that it was still possible to sign the association agreement ENTRE the EU and Ukraine.  On the same day, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych said: “There is no alternative to reforms in Ukraine and an alternative to European integration… We are going down that road and we are not changing directions.  [b] The European Coal and Steel Community was established in 1952 from six Western European countries. This would lead to the European Union in 1992, as the central powers would increase and the number of members would reach 28 in 2013.
The Union has a common market and in particular has the competence to conclude trade agreements.