The three governments took note of discussions in recent weeks in London between representatives of the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union and France to reach agreement on the methods of trial of major war criminals whose crimes do not present a particular geographical location after the Moscow Declaration of October 1943. The three governments reaffirm their intention to bring justice quickly and safely to these criminals. They hope that the London negotiations will lead to a quick agreement to that end, and they believe it is very important that the trial of these great criminals begins as soon as possible. The first list of accused will be published before September 1. The influence of the UDHR has been considerable. Its principles have been incorporated into the constitutions of most of the 185 nations at the United Nations. Although a declaration is not a legally binding document, the Universal Declaration has been granted the status of international customary law because people consider it a “common standard of performance for all human beings and nations.” The Paris Peace Treaties were signed on February 10, 1947, after the end of World War II in 1945. The Paris Peace Conference lasted from July 29 to October 15, 1946. The victorious allied powers (mainly Britain, the Soviet Union, the United States and France) negotiated the details of the peace treaties with Italy, Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria and Finland. The treaties allowed the defeated Axis powers to resume their responsibilities as sovereign states in international affairs and to qualify to become members of the United Nations.
The main concern of the American treaties after the Second World War was security cooperation in a post-war climate marked by ideological conflicts with the Soviet Union, the bipolarization of the world between these two powers, the destruction of colonial empires and the emergence of nearly ninety new nations, economic inequality and dependence on nuclear weapons as a deterrent. As a result, the United States has not been able to pursue its traditional (moderate and reserved) contractual policy. Indeed, since 1945, it has entered into more contracts (without agreement) than any other nation, and almost all have been new type. These included assistance agreements, participation in the United Nations, peace agreements, alliances, deterrence treaties and treaties that address a wide range of issues that traditionally: human rights, ecology, environment and resources, global warming, the prohibition of chemical weapons and other weapons of mass destruction, access to space and future use of space. , copyright and intellectual property protection, as well as biotechnology and human cloning.