What Is The Good Friday Agreement In A Nutshell

The agreement contains a complex set of provisions relating to a number of areas, including: The agreement marked a commitment to “mutual respect, civil rights and religious freedoms of all members of the community” and the UK agreed to incorporate the European Convention on Human Rights into Northern Ireland`s law. The agreement was formally reached between the British and Irish governments and eight political parties in Northern Ireland, including Sinn Féin, the Ulster Unionist Party, the SDLP and the Alliance Party. The DUP was the only major political faction that opposed it. During negotiations on the UK`s planned withdrawal from the European Union in 2019, the EU produced a position paper on its concerns about the UK`s support for the Good Friday Agreement during Brexit. The position paper addresses, inter alia, the avoidance of a hard border, North-South cooperation between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, the birthright of all inhabitants of Northern Ireland (as defined in the Agreement) and the common travel area. [31] [32] Anyone born in Northern Ireland who is therefore entitled to an Irish passport under the Good Friday Agreement can retain EU citizenship even after Brexit. [33] Under the European Union`s Brexit negotiating directives, the UK was asked to convince other EU members that these issues had been raised in order to move to the second phase of Brexit negotiations. Unionists rejected it, prompting Taoiseach Bertie Ahern and Prime Minister Tony Blair to fly, hoping to save the deal and get it through on time. The multi-party agreement obliged the parties to “use any influence they might have” to bring about the dismantling of all paramilitary weapons within two years of the agreement`s approval by referendum […].